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Ingredients Glossary A - L

Here is the ingredients glossary for the personal care products found at XL Vita. It is a work in progress and I will keep adding to it. This is a project dear to my heart because what is in the products you use is extremely important to your overall health. I hope you will find this useful and help you whenever you are shopping for personal care products.  

Key Terms Used In the Ingredients Glossary

Here are some terms that you will see throughout the ingredients glossary that will help you better understand the function or benefit of particular ingredients. 

Humectant - Any substance that is added to another substance to keep it moist. Humectants are used in skin and hair-care products to keep products moist, stable and improve their texture. Some also can reduce the growth of bacteria and prevent spoilage. Some common humectants include propylene glycol, glycerin, urea, butylene glycol, hexylene glycol, hyaluronic acid, alpha-hydroxy acids and sorbitol.

Surfactant - They are critical to the successful formulation of cosmetic and personal care products. Most cosmetic products are made of oil and water-based ingredients. Since oil is not normally compatible with water, one way surfactants help with this problem is by acting as emulsifiers. Since surfactants are chemicals with both oil-seeking and water-seeking components, they can stabilize oil and water mixtures, allowing them to stay together without separating. Without surfactant emulsifiers, products would separate.

Emulsifier - A mixture of two or more liquids that are normally nonmixable or unblendable. It can be two liquids mixed together or a liquid and solid. Emulsifying agents are often used to help form the emulsion and stabilizing agents are used to keep the resulting emulsion from separating. The most common emulsions are oil-in-water emulsions (where oil droplets are dispersed in water) and water-in-oil emulsions (where water droplets are dispersed in oil). The word "emulsion" comes from the Latin word for "to milk", as milk is an emulsion of milk fat and water, among other components.

Astringent - A chemical compound that causes tissues to tighten and constrict. Astringents are also referred to as toners. They’re frequently used after cleansing to remove oils and cosmetic residue that remain on the skin. They also have a mild exfoliating effect, meaning they help to remove dead skin cells that build up on the surface of the skin and make it appear dull. Some astringents also have anti-bacterial effects. Some astringents are alcohol-based, while others are free of alcohol. Two common examples are calamine lotion and witch hazel. 

Emollient - Helps to fill in the spaces between skin cells making the skin feel softer and smoother. 

A B C D E F G H I J K L 

 A

Acai Berry - Contains a rich array of nutrients and antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that make the oil a remarkable ingredient for use in anti-aging personal care products. Acai Oil is highly emollient and is an effective moisturizing oil to heal dry and cracked skin, eczema and psoriasis. This oil penetrates the skin quickly, acting as an excellent emollient carrier oil. Also used to treat acne, reduce swelling and ease muscular aches and pains. Replenishes, regulates, nourishes and revitalizes the skin.

Achillea Millefolium (Yarrow) - Commonly found throughout the temperate zones of Europe and Asia. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Relieves cramps and slows bleeding. Especially suitable for sensitive and damaged skin. Strengthens hair and stimulates new hair growth.

Alcohol - Produced by the fermentation of starch or other carbohydrate sources. Used as a solvent for extracts and other ingredients. Refreshing, astringent effect promotes circulation.

Allantoin (Comfrey Root) - Acts as a mild astringent that provides a natural green colorant.

Almond Oil - An essenital oil rich in protein. Helps relieve itching, dryness, and inflammation.

Aloe Barbadensis (Aloe Vera) Leaf - Moisturizes and helps maintain moisture balance. Stimulates blood circulation, tightens and rejuvenates skin. Fights infection and promotes the skin's self-healing response. Soothes sunburn and other irritations.

Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) - AHAs are mild acids serve to remove the outer layer of dull skin and leave the skin with a rejuvenated appearance. Some of these acids are derived from fruit sources, particularly citrus fruits, apples, and grapes. Widely used in anti-wrinkle products.

American Ginseng Extract - A herbaceous perennial plant in the ivy family, commonly used as Chinese or herbal medicine. Native to eastern North America and traditionally used for medicinal purposes by Native Americans. See Ginseng (Panax Ginseng) Root Extract.

Amyris Oil - An essential oil with a gentle woody aroma that acts as a natural fixative. Also possesesses antiseptic and sedative properties. Soothing.

Angelica Oil - An essential oil with a woody and peppery aroma. May help fight infections, stimulate the immune system, help motivate the elimination of impurities. Useful in combating stress, anxiety, and exhaustion. Acts on bloating, menstrual problems, and brings vitality.

Apples - See Malus Domestica.

Apricot Pit Oil - A great carrier oil that is readily absorbed into the skin without leaving a residue behind. Gently loosens and removes impurities. Softens, smooths, and conditions the skin. Contains the essential fatty acids oleic and linoleic acid as well as vitamins A and E which help to sooth irritated skin while also moisturizing.

Arachis Hypogaea (Peanut) Oil - Vegetable oil rich in vitamin E, unsaturated fatty acids and minerals. Also used to regulate product consistency.

Arctium Lappa Root Extract - Rich in vitamins and unsaturated fatty acids. Skin nourishing ingredient used to promote circulation and harmonize metabolism.

Argania Spinsosa (Argan) Oil - An oil rich in essential fatty acids, vitamin E and other vital nutrients. In hair care products, it helps to smooth frizz and split ends as well as provide softness. In skin care products, it nourishes, protects elasticity and reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Arginine - Amino acid that acts as a skin and hair conditioner. Plays an important role in metabolic processes, converting body wastes into less toxic substances.

Arnica Montana Flower (Arnica) Extract - Anti-inflammatory, improves blood circulation. Good for bruises and sore muscles. Helps to brighten skin pigmentation.

Aronia Berry (Aronia Melanocarpa) - Derived from the berry native to eastern North America. Anti- inflammatory and astringent properties that clean, firm and refine skin.

Arrowroot - Superior absorbent properties. Used in Honeybee Gardens Deodorant Powder.

Ascorbic Acid - A water-soluble form of vitamin C that is a powerful antioxidant. It stimulates production of collagen and elastin and it provides protection from free radical damage.

Aspalathus Linearis (Rooibos) Extracts - Natural source of alpha hydroxy and zinc. Soothes, refines, and protects skin.

Atlantic Cedar Oil - See Cedar Oil.

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B

Bambusa Vulgaris (Bamboo) Extract - Root extract with astringent, anti-inflammatory and cooling properties. Sap extract is high in silicic acid, an important nutrient for the body, especially the skin and bones. Polishes skin and gently buffs away surface debris and dead skin cells to help improve skin cell turnover rate.

Basil Oil - Essential oil that helps stimulate the mind and promote concentration. An energizing oil considered antibacterial and antiviral.

Bay Oil - Essnetial oil that is masculine and spicy. Helps stimulate circulation and encourage the healing of sprains and strains.

Bearberry (Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi) - Derived from the arctic berry. Boosts immunity while brightening skin and evening skin pigmentation.

Beer - Used in hair products to increase volume.

Beeswax - Acts as an emollient and helps to nourish, moisturize, soften skin, protecting it from damaging environmental factors.

ehentrimonium Chloride - Salt used as a preservative or as an antistatic hair conditioner.

Benzyl Alcohol - Colorless liquid, and a naturally occurring ingredient in many plants used to make essential oils, in particular "substantial" aromatic plants like Ylang-Ylang, Tuberose, Jasmine and Wallflower. Also used as a preservative. Just like with so many other ingredients, it can be synthetic and has been linked to allergies.

Bergamot Oil - Essential oil with a fresh, citrusy and light floral scent. Used for acne, abscesses, anxiety, depression, psoriasis, and stress.

Beta Glucans - Derived from mushrooms, Beta Glucan is a polysaccharide gum used as an anti-irritant and skin healer. It helps promote the renewal of collagen and elastin in the skin.

Betaine - Obtained from sugar beets. Hair conditioner and volumizer. Reduces irritation, moisturizes. Not to be confused with the surfactant Cocamidobetaine.

Betula Alba (Birch) Leaf, Sap, or Extract - Used to heal wounds and improve complexion. Also used as a colorant.

Bilberry (Vaccinium Myrtillus) - Derived from a wild, blue-black cousin of the blueberry. Extremely rich in antioxidants with anti-inflammatory properties to heal and rejuvenate the skin.

Bilberry Fuit Stem Cell Culture - Derived from the bilberry fruit. Combats the effects of aging and protects longevity.

BioActive 8 Berry Complex - Provides a potent portfolio of super antioxidants to combat environmental stressor, support cell turnover, increase collagen and elastin, and strengthen dermal immunity.

  1. Acai berry (euterpe olerace): Derived from the purple-black berries; replenishes, regulates, nourishes and revitalizes the skin.
  2. Aronia berry (aronia melanocarpa): Derived from the berry native to eastern North America; anti- inflammatory and astringent properties to clean, firm and refine skin.
  3. Bearberry (arctostaphylos uva-ursi): Derived from the arctic berry; boosts immunity while brightening skin and evening skin pigmentation.
  4. Bilberry (vaccinium myrtillus): Derived from a wild, blue-black cousin of the blueberry; extremely rich in antioxidants with anti-inflammatory properties to heal and rejuvenate the skin.
  5. Black elderberry (sambucus nigra): Derived from the dark purple-black berries native to subtropical Europe; powerful antioxidant properties, high levels of flavonoids and polyphenols, to repair and fortify the skin and hair.
  6. Goji berry (lyceum barbarum): Derived from the red Goji berry; soothing and hydrating properties to speed recovery to damaged skin caused by environmental factors.
  7. Rosehips berry (rosa canina): Derived from wild rose berries; reverse the signs of aging and helps restore skin cell regeneration to refine skin texture.
  8. Sea buckthorn berry (hippophae rhamnoides): Derived from the berry; supports cell vitality by cleansing and exfoliating skin's surface and pores.

Biotin - Part of Andalou Natural's Biotin B Complex which infuses essential protein and nutrients to invigorate scalp for thicker, fuller strands with improved strength, texture and shin.

Black Elderberry (Sambucus Nigra) - Derived from the dark purple-black berries native to subtropical Europe. Powerful antioxidant properties, high levels of flavonoids and polyphenols, to repair and fortify the skin and hair.

Borago Officinalis (Borage) Oil - Anti-inflammatory, nourishing, moisturizing and regeneratin. Highest plant source of GLA (gamma linolenic), rich in essential fatty acids (palmitic, oleic, linoleic, omega-6) to help restore moisture balance and protect skin for renewed vitality.

Boswellia Carterii (Frankincense) Oil - An essential oil commonly used for anxiety, asthma, bronchitis, coughing, scars, stress, and stretch marks.

Brassica Oleracea Italica (Broccoli) Seed Oil - Mild, odorless oil used in skin and hair care products to improve shine.

Brown Rice Syrup

Burdock Extract - This plant grows wild throughout North America, Europe and Asia and generally flowers between July and October. It is comprised of tanning agents, vitamin C and Essential Oils. Traditionally used for the treatment of skin eruptions, such as acne, and to alleviate scaly skin conditions, such as psoriasis and dry scalp. It is also known to relieve bruises and inflammation.

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) Seed & Fruit - Fatty acid glyceride obtained from the nut of the African Shea, or Karite, tree. Emollient supplies rich oil into skin tissue, improving its elasticity. Softens and protects dry, damaged skin.

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C

Calcium Carbonate - A natural chalk that is refined, making it safe for the enamel of teeth. It is used in toothpastes as a polishing agent and helps provide a paste consistency.

Calcium Pantothenate - The calcium salt of pantothenic acid. Another name for vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid. A water-soluble vitamin essential for the body's production of hormones, energy production, fat storage, and many other bodily processes. Used primarly in hair products because of its conditioning and antistatic properties.

Calendula Officinalis (Calendula) Flower Extract - Extract from marigold blossoms with powerful healing, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Heals, soothes and regenerates skin. Gentle and nourishing.

Camelina Sativa Oil - Derived from flax seeds. A rich source of vitamin E which helps reduce the effects of skin's aging and nourish and repair hair follicles.

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Extract - See Green Tea Essential Oils & Extract.

Camphor Oil - Essential oil that soothes and stimulates the skin and has topical antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and astringent properties.

Canadian Fir Balsam Resin - Skin protectant that historically, was applied by Native Americans to the skin as a poultice to treat burns and wounds. During the Civil War, balm of balsam fir was reportedly used to treat combat injuries.

Canaga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) - Derived from flowers of the ylang ylang tree. Disinfects and protects the skin while soothing irritated skin. Relaxes, tones, and stimulates circulation.

Capric/Caprylic Triglyceride - Fatty acid ester of glycerin, caprylic and capric acids. Used as an emulsifier and emollient to smooth and moisturize skin.

Cardamon Oil - An essential oil with a spicy-sweet note that makes an ordinary blend come to life. It is uplifting and energizing. Helps with stress, fatigue, depression, and loss of appetite.

Carmine - A pigment of a bright-red color obtained from the aluminum and calcium salt of carminic acid. It is one of the most ancient natural dyes, commonly used to achieve bright reds and pinks in lipsticks. Aka CI 75470.

Carnauba Wax - Comes from the leaves of a Brazilian tropical palm tree, the copernicia cerifera. Helps create an emulsion between the oil and liquid components in products such as sunscreen, shaving cream, and bath products. Frequently found in lipstick, as it helps to thicken the oil-based ingredients, allowing the lipstick to apply smoothly and stay solid. Carnauba wax in eye makeup encourages a smooth, even application of the product. This wax is also common in fragrances, hair care and coloring products, and nail care products.

Carrageenan / Carrageenan Gum - A polysaccharide that's extracted from seaweed. Works as a thickening agent, binde, hair conditioning agent as well as skin softener. It has excellent water binding properties.

Carrot - Can greatly benefit the skin because of antioxidant properties present in beta carotene. Antioxidants help to fight free radicals that cause the skin to age. Reduces fine lines and wrinkles, increase firmness and even fade scars.

Carum Petroselinum (Parsley) Extract - Skin-conditioning agent that helps with cracked or chapped skin, bruises, and insect bites.

Cassia Auriculata (Senna) Leaf Powder - Powder of henna leaves. When mixed with a liquid, it forms a paste that coats and protects hair and increases shine.

Castor Oil - Penetrates more deeply than any other essential plant oil and keeps lips looking soft and supple.

Cedar Oil - Essnetial oil that helps eliminate fat cells, helps the lymphatic system eliminate impurities, and is effective on cellulite.

Cedrus Atlantica (Atlas Cedar & Cedarwood) Oil - An essential oil with a woody aroma used by the Egyptians for spiritual embalming. Grounding and calming. Commonly used for acne, arthitis, bronchitis, coughing, dandruff, dermatitis, and stress.

Cellulose / Cellulose Gum - This plant component is the primary constituent of fiber in plants. Gel-forming substance used to thicken products. Used to increase absorbancy and viscosity of cosmetic products.

Cera Alba (Beeswax) - Regulates consistency of products, smoothes and moisturizes skin.

Cetearyl Alcohol - An emulsifier to keep oil and liquid components in products from separating. Also thickens formulations and helps foamy products maintain their foam. Found in shampoos, hair conditioners, hair tints, hair straighteners, skin cleansing lotions, skin creams, foot powders, foot sprays and a variety of make-up products.Helps skin to retain moisture. Smoothing properties.

Cetyl Alcohol - Fatty alcohol produced naturally from vegetable oils. Improves the viscosity and thickness of cosmetic products. Increases the opacity of shampoos and conditioners, creating a product with a richer, more substantial feel and appearance. Makes cosmetics smoother and more spreadable. Thickener, surfactant and emulsifier.

Chamomilla Recutita (Chamomile) Extract & Oil - Antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Soothes skin and improve skin complexion, to heal wounds and fight infection.

Cherry Bark Extract - Astringent used in creams, lotions, tonics, and gels. Has anti-inflammatory benefits. Said to treat colds and suppress coughs. Often found in cough syrups.

Cholecacalciferol - A form of vitamin D, also called vitamin D3. Since it is easily absorbed by the skin, many cosmetic manufacturers use this ingredient as a skin conditioner and moisturizer, especially in SPF products. You may find it in personal care products such as facial moisturizer, anti-aging treatment, sunscreen, lip gloss, conditioner, lipstick, body wash and cleanser.

Cinchona Succirubra (Quinine Bark) - AKA Peruvian Bark. One of the rain forest's most famous plants. A hair and skin conditioner. A tonic and astringent. The powdered bark is often used in tooth-powders.

Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (Cinnamon) Bark Extract & Essential Oil - Rich in antioxidant polyphenols to aid in tissue repair and encourages healthy circulation.

Citral - Fragrance (Parfum) from natural essential oils. Citral is a naturally occurring component of essential oils, such as Lemon Oil, Orange Oil, Lemon-Grass Oil and Bergamot Oil.

Citric Acid - Produced from sugar cane. Brightens skin pigmentation, antiseptic astringent that acts as a natural preservative which maintains proper pH balance in products.

Citronella - An essential oil used for excessive perspiration, fatigue, headaches, oily skin, and as a very effective insect repellant.

Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Extract & Oil - Detoxifies, refreshes, and cleanses the skin. Orange extract is a natural astringent with powerful antibacterial and toning properties. It is also used for its uplifting citrus aroma and natural source of the antioxidant vitamin C.

Citrus Sinensis (Sweet Orange) Oil - An essential oil with a sweet and citrusy aroma used as a fragrance, astrigent, tonic, and skin conditioner. Helps with dull skin, digestion, stress, and cold and flu. Found in bath products, soaps and detergents, skin care, cleansing products, fragrances and hair care products.

Citrus Tangerina (Tangerine) Oil - Increases circulation to help brighten the skin and helps to reduce fluid retention.

Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Oil - Essential oil derived from pomelos (Chinese Grapefruit). Rich in vitamin C, it is a powerful antioxidant that protects skin cells from free radical damage. It is also used as a mild preservative in many skin care products.

Clay - A natural bulking agent often used in mascara to give it body.

Clove Oil - Essential oil derived from an evergreen tree. This fragrant oil helps to make hair softer, shinier, and more luxurious.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine - A mild surfactant cleansing agent that is also used as an antistatic in hair conditioners.

Coco Glucoside - Derived from the dried pulp of the coconut fruit and sugar, this gentle cleanser is biodegradable, non-toxic, residue free and well-tolerated by even the most sensitive skins. Surfactant. Used in hair care products to smooth hair structure to improve manageability.

Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Fruit Extract & Oil - Rich in fatty acids, anti-microbial, moisturizes and protects. Used in skin and hair care products.

Comfrey - See Allantoin (Comfrey Root).

Copernicia Cerifera (Carnauba) Wax - See Carnauba Wax.

Copper Gluconate - A copper salt of gluconic acid used in the formulation of mouthwashes, bath products, cleansing products, skin care products and shampoo. Prevents the deterioration of cosmetic products. Known to protect and condition the skin. Research shows that copper is effective for wound healing and for antiaging.

Coriander Essential Oil & Extracts - Known for its ability to stimulate the digestive system. Good for bloating, poor appetite, fatigue, aches, and nausea.

Cornstrach - See Zea Mays (Corn) Starch.

Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit & Seed Extract - Hydrating electrolytes replenish vital moisture to tone, soften, and hydrate.

Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba (Guar) Gum - See Guar Gum.

Cyanocobalamin - A common form of vitamin B12. Found in many antiaging creams because it is believed to strengthen the skin's capillaries and reduce inflammation.

Cymbopogon Flexuous (Lemongrass) Oil - Helps to refresh skin and works as an antiseptic. Analgestic, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and astringent. Used for acne, athlete's foot, insect bites and cellulite massages as well as stress reduction and relaxation.

Cymbopogon Martini (Palmarosa) & Oil - Moisturizes the skin, while balancing the hydration levels and sebum production. Keeps skin supple and elastic, prevents scaring and has antiseptic, antiviral properties.

Cypress Oil - Essential oil that boosts the lymphatic system and blood flow. Effective on cellulite and fat.

Cysteine - Derived from flax seed oil. A non-essential amino acid that fortifies protein structure and supports collagen formation for improved texture, strength, and longevity, while neutralizing free-radical scavengers that inhibit healthy hair growth.

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D

Deionized Water - See Water.

Dimethicone - A mineral-derived silicone that gives products a velvety feel. Used for emolliency, barrier protection, reducing stickiness and improving the feel of skin and hair.

Disodium Cocoyl Glutamate - Modified amino acid. Functions as an extremely mild and gentle sudsing surfactant and gentle cleanser.

Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) - An omega-3 fatty acid with numerous health benefits.

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E

Echinacea Angustifolia (Echinacea) Extract - An herb, also known as the purple coneflower, that promotes skin healing and rejuvenation. It has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and can be used to soothe irritated skin.

Elder Flower - See Elderberry Bark.

Elderberry (Sambucus Nigra) Bark - Powerful antioxidant properties, high levels of flavonoids and polyphenols, to repair and fortify the skin and hair. Extracted from the honey-scented elder tree, elder extract has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and astringent properties. It is also used to soften and heal dry skin.

Eliteria Cardamomum (Cardamon) Oil - See Cardamon Oil.

Equisetum Arvense (Horsetail) - One of the few plant sources of collagen that is also a rich source of silica and other healing minerals. This herbal extract also supports the build up of calcium in the body, nourishing the skin, hair, bones and tissues. Horsetail also possesses antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. The plant is high in Silica, necessary for the health of the hair and scalp.

Ethylhexyl Palmitate - Derived from vegetable oil, it helps to soften and protect the skin.

Ethylhexylglycerin - Derived from vegetable glycerin. A skin conditioner and preservative enhancer.

Eucalyptus Radiata (Eucalyptus) Essential Oil - Antiseptic and anti-inflammatory. Often used for arthitis, poor circulation, and colds and flu.

Eugenia Aromatica (Clove) Bud - See Eugenia Caryophyllus (Clove).

Eugenia Caryophyllus (Clove) Oil - Derived from an evergreen tree, this fragrant oil helps make hair softer, shinier, and more luxurious. Used for its antiseptic, disinfecting and aromatic properties.

Euphorbia Antisyphilitica (Candelilla) Wax- Vegetable wax from from the euphorbia plan, a shrub native to Mexico. Astringent; Emulsion stabilizer used to keep an emulsion from separating into its oil and liquid components, especially in cosmetics and personal care products that require a creamy consistency. Increase the thickness of the of solid and stick-like products such as lipstick, giving them structure, allowing for a smooth application, and keeping them solid.

Evaporated Cane Juice

Extra Virgin Olive Oil - See Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil.

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F

Foeniculum Vulgare (Fennel) Seed - Used for its anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant properties, it can soothe and moisturize dry or irritated skin conditions.

Folic Acid - A form of the water-soluble vitamin B9. Well known for its skin regeneration properties. Stimulates new cell turnover. Repairs DNA damange. Powerful antioxidant and free radicals scavenger. Outstanding on skin tone, elasticity and density.

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G

Gamma Orizanol

Geraniol - Fragrance (Parfum) from natural essential oils. Geraniol is a naturally occurring component of essential oils, such as Rose Oil, Geranium Oil, Palmarosa Oil, Lavender Oil and Ylang-Ylang

Geranium Essential Oil - Helps to balance out oily and dry skin types, rejuvenates and promotes healthy cells by boosting circulation. Soothes inflammation, neutralizes bacteria, refreshes. Good for acne and pancreatic function. Excellent mental tonic that improves mood.

German Chamomile - See Chamomilla Recutita (Chamomile) Extract & Oil.

Ginger - Soothing properties can decrease inflammation to the skin and can increase skin's radiance.

Ginkgo (Ginkgo Biloba) Leaf Extract - Improves the circulation of tissues and activates cell metabolism. Tightens and strengthens the skin.

Ginseng (Panax Ginseng) Root Extract - Used for its natural anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant properties, it is known to increase circulation and soothe inflamed skin. Reinforces healthy metabolic processes.

Glycerin - Also known as glycerol, glycerin is the simplest trivalent alcohol, a building block of all vegetable oils, that both moisturizes the skin and serves to retain skin's moisture. Helps soften and smooth the skin. This emulsifying agent helps give a formula a smooth consistency for easy application.

Glyceryl Caprylate - Co-emulsifier, naturally derived from glycerin and fatty acids of coconut and / or palm kernel oil.

Glyceryl Lactate - Lactic acid ester. Derived from fats extracted from vegetable oils. Serves as a nourishing emulsifier.

Glyceryl Linoleate - Serves as a nourishing emulsifier.

Glyceryl Oleate - Fatty acids with a glycerin base obtained from naturally occurring oils and fats. It is predominantly used in the formulation of lipsticks, eye shadows, makeup bases, and skin care products because it helps to form emulsions by reducing the surface tension of the substances to be emulsified. It also functions as a skin-conditioning agent - emollient.

Glyceryl Stearate Citrate - Derived from fatty acids. Acts as a humectant, skin conditioner, emulsifier, and moisturizer to soften and smooth the skin. Also helps hair retain moisture.

Glycine Soja (Soy) Protein - Derived from soybean amino acids. Improves hair manageability, while enhancing body and texture.

Glycine Soya (Soy) Milk - Derived from soy beans. Contains a high amount of isoflavones which slows down the aging process and helps to lock in moisture.

Glycol Stearate - Derived from coconut and/or canola oil. Natural emollient and skin conditioner.

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) - Polysaccharides that transport oxygen to connective tissue and cell membranes throughout the body, and are essential in the production of proteins and collagen. As we age, levels of GAGs decrease, hair growth slows, skin gradually loses it elasticity and joints stiffen. Reasearch studies have shown, when applied topically, GAGs can improve healthy circulation, flushing environmental toxins and allowing nutrients easier access to hair and scalp, for increased in hair growth and a reduction in hair loss.

Goji berry (Lyceum Barbarum) - Derived from the red Goji berry. Soothing and hydrating properties speed recovery to damaged skin caused by environmental factors.

Golden Seal (Hydrastis Canadensis) Extract - A mild astringent and antiseptic agent. It is used for its soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. Beneficial in the treatment of acne and other skin inflammations.

Grape Seed Oil - One of the most powerful antioxidant. Antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory agents.

Grapefruit Seed Extract - A natural preservative, antiseptic, astrigent, a non-toxic, broad-spectrum antimicrobial. Clarifying and uplifting.

Grass Fed Milk Protein Concentrate - Has tremendous benefits for skin. Featuring proteins, lactose, vitamins, calcium, and zinc, milk protein serves as a healthy, natural ingredient in skin care products. Cleanses and nourishes skin, leaving it looking its best. It also soothes and softens skin. Research also indicates that milk proteins can encourage skin cells to look younger, thereby eliminating visible signs of aging. Can be found in lotions and moisturizers, cleansers, and body washes.

Green Tea Essential Oils & Extracts - Antioxidant, protects from free-radical damage, anti-inflammatory, repairs and strengthens.

Guar Gum - Derived from the Guar bean. Used as an emulsifier and thickener.

Guarana - Excellent antioxidant, antifungal, and antibacterial properties. Ideal for soothing and calming creams and lotions. Has also good astringent properties for cleansers. Works well on acne and other skin issues.

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H

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil - A moisturizing and soothing botanical containing vitamin E and essential fatty acids. It is a vegetable ceramide which keeps the skin flexible and protects it from environmental damage.

Helichrysum Oil - This fresh and earthy essential oil is often used on abscesses, acne, boils, burns, cuts, dermatitis, eczema, irritated skin, and wounds.

Hemp Essential Oil - Easily absorbed by the skin. Great moisturizing qualities. Used to heal dry skin & minor burns.

Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis Extract - Cleanses and soothes for a refreshed complexion.

High Oleic Sunflower Oil - See Helianthus Annuus.

Himalayan Salt

Honey (miel) - Used as a coloring, flavoring, and emollient in cosmetics. The common, sweet, viscous material originates from the nectar of flowers and is refined in the sacs of various kinds of bees.

Horsetail Oil - See Equisetum Arvense (Horsetail).

Hyaluronic Acid - Derived from potatoes. Regulates and balances the level of hydration of skin. It forms a moisturizing, non occlusive layer of moisture on the skin.

Hydrastis Canadensis (Goldenseal) Root Extract - A traditional healing herb, golden seal extract is a mild astringent and antiseptic agent. It is used for its soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. It is beneficial in the treatment of acne and other skin inflammations.

Hydrated Silica - Used as thickener, stabilizer, and cleansing particulate.

Hydrogen Peroxide - A strong oxidizer as well as an efficient disinfectant and bleaching agent. Found in hair care because of its lightening properties and oral care products because it helps to destroy plaque-producing bacteria.

Hydrolyzed Barley Protein - Creates an effective moisturizer and anti-irritant.

Hydrolyzed Rice Protein - Conditions and moisturizers skin and hair.

Hydrolyzed Silk - Silk protein obtained from silk worm cocoons. A film-forming agent used to care for dry, damaged hair. Binds moisture, increases hair volume, and improves its manageability and overall structure.

Hydrolyzed Soy Protein - A natural plant protein, derived from soybeans. Used as a moisturizer and conditioner for skin and hair. Provides a smoothing effect to the skin.

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein - Film-forming agent that retains water. Promotes healing processes, tightens skin and improves hair manageability.

Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose - Derived from cellulose and is used as a natural thickener and stabilizer. Cellulose is part of the cell wall and structural component of plants.

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I

Indigofera Tinctoria (Indigo) Leaf Extract & Powder - Ground leaves of the indigo plant. Serves as the principle colorant in the Henna black hair color.

Inositol - A chemical compound and nutrient in the vitamin B complex. Found in a range of beauty and personal care products as well, including skin care and hair care products. Antistatic and hair conditioning properties make inositol an ideal ingredient for hair care products. Known to improve the appearance and texture of hair. Because it is also a humectant, meaning it can hold and retain moisture, its moisturizing benefits are used in many skin care products.

Inulin - A blend of polysaccharides derived from chicory root. A very effective hair conditioner.

Iron Oxides - Provides safe color selection to create a flawless look. The hypoallergenic colorant easily slides to the skin. The color achieved by iron oxide depends on the temperature, concentration, and pH conditions.

Italian Helichrysum Oil - An essential oil with an anticoagulant and thinning effect. Anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties. Excellent for injuries, bruises, and blows.

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J

Jasminum Sambac (Jasmine) Oil - Valued for its scent, it is used in perfume, soaps, shampoos, creams, soothing bath and skin care products.

Java Citronella Oil - A familiar component in outdoor sprays. Astringent and cleansing, citronella is also useful for oily, blemished skin and large pores. See Citronella.

Jojoba Seed Oil - Nutrient-rich oil moisturizes for soft, supple skin. Especially beneficial in treating inflammed and irritated skin conditions.

Juniperus Oxycedrus Wood (Juniper) Oil - Essential oil with longstanding herbal tradition as an anti-dandruff agent. Good general stimulant and tonic for digestion, the psyche, lack of energy, and cellulite. It is used as a natural fragrance, astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory and is useful in the treatment of oily skin problems.

Juniperus Virginiana (Cedarwood) Oil - Astringent, balancing and relaxing.

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K

Kaolin - A fine, iron-free white clay used for cleansing and absorbing of excess moisture.

Kelp - A very rich source of vitamins, minerals and trace minerals, extracted from a North American species of brown seaweed. It is used to stimulate, moisturize and regulate the tone and texture of the skin.

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L

L-ergothioneine - A naturally occurring amino acid and super antioxidant derived from the mushrooms.

Lactic Acid - An alpha hydroxy acid occurring naturally in many fruits and molasses. Promotes exfoliation and skin cell renewal. Used to regulate pH.

Lauryl Glucoside - Sugar emulsifier and anionic surfactant. Very gentle, mildly foaming sudsing agent.

Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Extract & Oil - Lavender is a balancing, soothing and calming herb. It has antiseptic and antibacterial properties and is useful in the treatment of dry skin, eczema, acne, inflammation, sunburns and irritation. Used as a natural fragrance, it normalizes and balances both the body and mind. Aka Lavandula Officinali.

Lavandula Hybrida (Lavandin) Oil - Balancing, soothing, normalizing, gently clarifying, calming, and relaxing.

Lawsonia Inermis (Henna) Leaf Powder & Extract - Ground leaves of the henna shrub. Principal red colorant in hair colors.

Lecithin - Used as emulsifier and as an emollient to soften and improve skin texture. Acts as an antioxidant.

Lecithin Phospholipid - See Lecithin.

Lemon Essential Oil - Natural astringent that helps to clarify and cleanse by loosening surface oil and impurities.

Lichen Plant Extract - Also known as "old man's beard" or "tree moss", it is a natural antibacterial agent used in deodorants and other skin care products to help prevent odor. Lichen extract is derived from a symbiotic organism usually consisting of a fungus and algae.

Lily Extract - Moisturizing and regenerating making skin wonderfully smooth and soft. Helpful in healing burns and wounds. Soothing, astrigetn, anti-inflammatory and protective properties. Its hydrating and emollient properties make it great for dry, irritated or sensitive skin.

Limonene - A naturally occuring component of almost all essential oils.

Linalool - A naturally occuring component of almost all essential oils.

Linum Usitatissimum (Linseed or Flaxseed) Oils - Derived from the flax seed, it is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and is a natural anti-inflammatory, emollient and moisturizer to soften and heal dry skin.

Litsea Oil - An essential oil that acts as a sedative, anti-depressant, fights depression, fear, nervousness, and creates harmony.

Luo Han Guo (Monk Fruit) - A herbaceous perennial vine of the Cucurbitaceae family, native to southern China and northern Thailand.

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